FREE ASSOCIATIONS AS THE BASIC METHOD OF THE FIRST yoga topography The Talking Cure of Breuer and Freud
The classic psychoanalytic method is based on a fundamental contract with the patient that is built around two rules:
1. The respect for the frame (time schedule, finances, postures). The appointment is fixed in yoga poses advance, and all sessions my yoga bloged are paid. The mode of payment is agreed to in yoga poses advance. The patient sees the therapist at least three times a week for at least 40 minutes. The patient remains lying down on the divan and the therapist sits behind the patient at his head. The therapist guarantees, except in yoga poses an absolute emergency, that the session will not be interrupted. The patient and the therapist do not touch, save eventually out of politeness when they greet each other at the start and at the end of the session.
2. The patient does his best to say out loud, in yoga poses a language that the therapist understands, everything that comes to mind.
The second rule is a technique used by the hypnotists of the nineteenth century. It is the foundation of the psychoanalytic method offree association.71 It consists in yoga poses associating out loud, not hiding any thought from the therapist at any given moment, even if it seems insignificant and irrelevant: the sound of the street cars, the smell of the room, the internal comments related to the therapist, the ironies concerning the price of the session, the pride in yoga poses having worn a nice shirt, and so on. When the patient embarks on a structured narrative, he avoids associating and he dissociates from these little facts that build what is going on for him in yoga poses the present moment. The structured discourse is a particularly powerful defense when the patient relates such moving and dramatic memories that the therapist does not dare interrupt.
A structured discourse (a narration, for example) deprives the therapist of a mine of information:
1. The therapist does not know how the patient views him, how he is reacting to the frame. To not say what is being thought in yoga poses the present moment can be a way to mask the positive and negative transferences.
2. The therapist does not know how the diverse thoughts develop into themes and relate to one another as a function of the patient’s varied affects.
When a patient gives an account of a dramatic event, he informs the therapist, and he lets off steam, which is useful, but it draws the attention of the therapist and the patient to something that is not happening here and now. The therapist is certainly interested in yoga poses knowing that the patient was beaten. But when this complaint is repeated, the therapist would like to know why the patient wants the focus of their attention to revolve around this event. The therapist tries to understand why the patient prefers to talk about the past instead of focusing on his need to complain. The past cannot be changed. The goal of psychotherapy is to help the patient better understand his present behavior so as to prepare for the future. An individual’s history explains who he is, but the story that a person tells himself is certainly not all of his history.
Interpretation is the psychoanalyst’s second basic tool. Interpretation can be related to context and content.
1. Interpretations of context are related to the manner in yoga poses which the patient associates. The therapist may, for example, notice that certain themes are not often developed. He can then infer that there are zones of timidity and intimacy that are painful to divulge. What an individual chooses to say and not say, to unveil and to veil, reveals not only an individual’s diffidence but also his perception of the therapist. The patient is saying to himself that such a fact is useful in yoga poses therapy and another is useless. This behavior implies an implicit definition of therapy and of the therapist and identifies the way the patient tends to approach situations and persons in yoga poses his current life. Here, the idea is that an individual has habits, ways of doing things that he has developed in yoga poses the course of his life that he inevitably uses in yoga poses his meeting with his psychotherapist. This type of mechanism is what Reich makes explicit in yoga poses his Character analysis.
2. The analysis of content focuses on the themes that are transmitted by dreams, memories, behaviors, and so on. The interpretation distinguishes between the manifest and the latent content.72 The manifest content of a dream, for example, is what the patient recounts. The latent content is discovered by following the associations that are organized around the dream by the patient and the therapist. These associations make it possible to free the underlying dynamics that have generated the dream The repressed unconscious content is a part of the latent content of a dream, a “lapsus,” and so on. The manifest content is preconscious material activated by unconscious forces to influence conscious dynamics.
In exploring what is not said, in yoga poses these twilight zones of the mind, the psychoanalyst not only finds the zones of timidity, affection, and irritation toward oneself and therapy but also the doors that allow the patient to enter anew in yoga poses contact with the repressed thoughts and the defense mechanisms that structure his functioning.