Body Psychotherapy as Consumer Products
A new conception that concerns man’s destiny in yoga poses the world and is not alien to the cultural movements of the ‘60s has given rise to the emergence of an extensive range of techniques of self-actualization and personal growth. A common radical to all these techniques is the anti-intellectualism that stresses emotional development. Some of these techniques are based on psychoanalysis; others have a strong oriental flavor. Some body-centered techniques have even introduced the use of drugs and sexual contact with the clients . The boundaries of psychotherapy have become blurred. Not only encounter groups, but also jogging, aerobics and even golf could be considered psychotherapies in yoga poses this context. (Jose Guimon, 1997b, The Body in yoga poses Psychotherapy, 3f)
The youth movements that arose as early as 1966 in yoga poses the United States and then Europe brought Reich’s work back into fashion. It was a tidal wave that forced the authorities to moderate their persecution of the Reichian milieus. The academic milieus adopted an attitude that blended a pitiful smile, irony, and disdain. Body psychotherapy has to have recourse to a sort of popular suffrage to resist political and academic repression. This strategy paid off! Body psychotherapy became a social phenomenon. A form of impulsive speculation, often imaginative and rarely well framed, became fashionable with the neo-Reichians of the day.6 Without an ethical backbone, these movements associated themselves to different fashionable methods, sometimes to drug use (especially hashish and LSD) and to popular gurus.7 Sexual ethics became as blurred as it was at the beginning of psychoanalysis, because some profited from a reflection on the taboos to promote as an expression of emotional health their perverse sexual attraction for their patients.
Reich could have easily agreed with the youth movements of the ‘60s but probably not with the “New Age” movements of the ‘80s. The generation of Gerda Boyesen and Alexander Lowen had just a humanitarian interest for leftist theses and were astonished to see hundreds of long-haired intellectuals enter their training programs. Up until then, they only had had as students a few well-educated individuals, deeply interested in yoga poses approaches such as those of Reich. There was a bit of everything in yoga poses this new generation. Some were really interested in yoga poses the notion of body psychotherapy, while some wanted to earn as much as a psychiatrist by completing just a few workshops a year for training.8 Gerda Boyesen and Alexander Lowen surfed this wave without really understanding what was happening to them, but they appreciated the fame, admiration, and money this fashion brought them These students can be grouped into three basic categories:9
1. Individuals with university education in yoga poses physics, biology, chemistry, social sciences, geography, engineering, humanities, general medicine, pedagogy, psychology, philosophy, psychiatry, theology, political science, economics, and so on.
2. Individuals educated in yoga poses professional schools: accounting, education, ergo therapy, nursing, physical therapy, social work, computer engineering, and so on.
3. Individuals who present themselves as having life experience like political or spiritual militancy, or in yoga poses the education of their children, and so on.
This list indicates to what extent training programs of the period attracted a heteroclite population.