Yoga On The Water
THE KEY ARGUMENT LINKING STRUCTURE TO HEALTH VECTORS
What’s presented here simply points out the unchallenged fact that the criticism nay, ridiculeheaped on homeopathy and “structured” water by chemists is, in fact, itself based on an egregious error caused by a simplistic understanding of the properties of liquids. The critics’ argument is, in sum total: The only way to change the properties of water is to add some solute. It is assumed that water can only be changed by controlling the nature and concentration of the solute. This is, of course, sheer heresy to materials scientists, and known to be inaccurate by all informed scientists. The central principle of materials science is that properties are determined largely by structure (at every level, from nano to macro) and not composition, as described above and illustrated by the diamond/graphite example. This phenomenon is true of virtually all solids, though not with such spectacular differences as diamond and graphite.
EFFECTING STRUCTURAL CHANGE
We have thus disposed of the 200-year-old mistaken argument; it remains only to establish that even in H2O it’s possible and plausible that such structural changes can be effected. That’s what the Roy, Bell, Tiller, Hoover paper attempts. It makes no contribution at all to whether or not homeopathic or ultradilute sol remedies work in the clinic or not.
Three well-known phenomena in materials research are utilized to demonstrate the plausibility of structural change in water: (1) epitaxy, (2) pressure, and (3) nanobubbles.
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A key insight from common experience in materials science that may be relevant to understanding the structure of water and what can affect it easily is “epitaxy.” This term doesn’t appear even in most technical dictionaries, but the phenomenon is very well known, studied, and used in dozens of everyday technologies in materials science. Yet, besides the plausible differences in nanostructure, it has never been invoked directly in the literature on the various healing traditions, including homeopathy, or in the use of different healing spas, which may have waters with suspended (not in solution) mineral matter.
Epitaxy is the transmission of structural information from the surface (hence epi) of one material (usually a solid) to another (usually a liquid). Subtleties of terminology appear in various papers, but it’s the template of the structure that is, the informationthat’s definitely transferred. Recent examples of the subtleties of information that can be so transferred can be found in the literature cited at the end of this essay. No matter is transferred in this “imprinting.” Hence, the traditional hackneyed criticism of homeopathy the discussions of “concentrations of solutes above or below Avogadro’s limit” are totally irrelevant. By providing a specific structure as a template (usually solid but sometimes liquid), one can induce an entire body of liquid to precipitate or crystallize in that preselected structure or morphology. The seeding of clouds is caused by epitaxial growth of crystalline ice or water on a substrate of AgI, which has the same crystal structure. Seeding and epitaxial growth of semiconductors are universally practiced in major modern technology.
Information and “memory” are transmitted from the seed or substrate to the liquid phase, which can completely control the structure of what’s formed from it. No chemical transfer whatsoever occurs.
In homeopathy, a specific active agent is added to the liquid (water or water + ethanol). The relevant question is, in what ways can the active agent change, affect, or imprint the liquid? Those unfamiliar with materials science assume that it is only by its presence in solution (as atoms, ions, or molecules) that an “active agent” can affect a liquid. They’re wrong. Here again we return to the structure, not the composition, for explanations. Obviously, the structure of water can be influenced by that of solids with which it’s in contact.
These, then, are the first well-established learnings from materials science structural nanoheterogeneity within liquids and the role of epitaxy in propagating structural information without involving composition. In addition to the above, materials scientists deal extensively with other phenomena which are certainly possible, and probably major, factors in the structure of water.