FR: Barbaree Roquette des jardins GER: Barbarakraut IT: Barbarea, Erba Sauta Barbara SP: Oruga deljardn
BOT: Barbarea verna (Barbera praecox) and Barbarea vulgaris FAM: Cruciferae ILL: Plate 16, No. 3
Brazil Cress IT: Spilante
BOT: Spilanthes oleracea FAM: Compositae
IT: Tropeolo or Cappucina BOT: Tropaeolum majus FAM: Tropaeolaceae american cress, Belle Isle Cress, Land Cress, Mustard Greens, Scurvy Grass, Spring Cress, Treacle Mustard, Treacle Wormseed, Upland Cress, Winter Cress, Wormseed, Yellow Rocket. This cress is a close relative of the yellow rocket (Barbarea vulgaris) and has many popular names. It is a hardy perennial or biennial, a native of continental Europe but naturalized in Britain and the United States. It is rather similar in appearance to watercress, but the leaves are smaller and it has not such a delicate flavour. A very useful winter salad plant and substitute for watercress, it is both cultivated and gathered wild in spring, both in Europe and by Italian families in the United States.
Other cresses are the so-called Brazil and Para cresses, cultivated in warmer countries for salads. They are pungent. Indian cress, originating in Peru, is sometimes used as a name for the common garden flower, nasturtium (q.v.).