The Role of Other Factors in Wellness
Heredity, the environment, and adequate health care are other important influences on health and wellness. These factors can interact in ways that raise or lower the quality of a person’s life and the risk of developing particular diseases. For example, a sedentary lifestyle combined with a genetic predisposition for diabetes can greatly increase a person’s risk of developing the disease. If this sedentary, genetically predisposed person also
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QUESTIONS FOR CRITICAL THINKING AND REFLECTION
How often do you feel exuberant? Vital? Joyful? What makes you feel that way? Conversely, how often do you feel downhearted, de-energized, or depressed? What makes you feel that way? Have you ever thought about how you might increase experiences of vitality and decrease experiences of discouragement? lacks adequate health care, he or she is much more likely to suffer dangerous complications from diabetes.
But in many cases, behavior can tip the balance toward health even if heredity or environment is a negative factor. Breast cancer, for example, can run in families, but it is also associated with overweight and a sedentary lifestyle. A woman with a family history of breast cancer is less likely to die from the disease if she controls her weight, exercises, performs regular breast self-exams, and consults with her physician about mammograms.
REACHING WELLNESS THROUGH LIFESTYLE MANAGEMENT
As you consider this description of behaviors that contribute to wellness being physically active, choosing a healthy diet, and so on you may be doing a mental comparison with your own behaviors. If you are like most young adults, you probably have some healthy habits and some habits that place your health at risk. For example, you may be physically active and have a healthy diet but indulge in binge drinking on weekends. You may be careful to wear your seat belt in your car but smoke cigarettes or use chewing tobacco. Moving in the direction of wellness means cultivating healthy behaviors and working to overcome unhealthy ones. This approach to lifestyle management is called behavior change.
As you may already know from experience, changing an unhealthy habit can be harder than it sounds. When you embark on a behavior change plan, it may seem like too much work at first. But as you make progress, you will gain confidence in your ability to take charge of your life. You will also experience the benefits of wellness more energy, greater vitality, deeper feelings of appreciation and curiosity, and a higher quality of life.
The rest of this chapter outlines a general process for changing unhealthy behaviors that is backed by research and has worked for many people. You will also find many specific strategies and tips for change. For additional support, work through the activities in the Behavior Change Workbook at the end of the text.
Getting Serious about Your Health
Before you can start changing a wellness-related behavior, you have to know that the behavior is problematic and that
Certain health behaviors are exceptionally difficult to change. Some people can quit smoking on their own; others get help from a smoking cessation program or a nicotine replacement product. you c an change it. To make good decisions, you need information about relevant topics and issues, including what resources are available to help you change.
Examine Your Current Health Habits Have you considered how your current lifestyle is affecting your health today and how it will affect your health in the future? Do you know which of your current habits enhance your health and which ones may be harmful? Begin your journey toward wellness with self-assessment: Think about your own behavior, complete the self-assessment in Lab 1.2, and talk with friends and family members about what they’ve noticed about your lifestyle and your health.
Choose a Target Behavior Changing any behavior can be demanding. This is why it’s a good idea to start small, by unintentional injury An injury that occurs without harm being intended. behavior change A lifestyle management process that involves cultivating healthy behaviors and working to overcome unhealthy ones.