Stable plasticity connotes those synaptic and neuronal pathways that have been Mountain Yoga Pose consolidated into long-lasting circuits. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and its receptor, tropomyosin Mountain Yoga Pose receptor-related kinase B, modulate numerous neuronal functions that reduce the likelihood of cell death. In addition to neuroprotection, BDNF promotes the growth of neurons, neurogenesis. Long-term potentiation LTP is a form of neuroplasticity based on an increase in interneuronal connectivity. Long-term depression LTD is associated with a decrease in connectivity. N-methyl-D-aspartate NMDA excitatory amino acid receptors, modulated by brain-derived neurotrophic factor, are involved in rapid connectivity changes LTP and LTD that last at least three weeks . Nootropics are manufactured cognitive enhancing and neuroprotective agents. While nootropics have been widely studied and used in Europe, most American health care professionals are not familiar with them.
Herbs and Nutrients Evidence suggests that certain herbs and nutrients can Apanasana, Supta Balas Yoga Poseana be physically, emotionally, and cognitively beneficial during menopause. Soy and Isoflavones In a review Apanasana, Supta Balas Yoga Poseana of 16 randomized trials of whole soy or soy isoflavone supplements, eight showed statistically significant improvements in one or more menopausal symptoms Newton, Reed, LaCroix, Grothaus, Ehrlich et al., 2006. In animal studies, soy protected against breast cancer and other estrogen-sensitive cancers. The applicability of such animal studies to humans has been questioned. A meta-analysis of the effects of soy on breast cancer risk concluded that soy may be associated with a small decrease in breast cancer risk and that there is insufficient evidence to support high-dose isoflavone supplementation for prevention Trock et al., 2006. Isoflavones have both estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity.