Maybe they were driven by competition; maybe they were driven by growing rural poverty forcing them to perform at marketplaces and temples; maybe it was a fashion fling brought by the new rulers? Or maybe it had always been like this, but never found worth writing down before foreigners arrived and were baffled? To me the arrival of the fakirs seems to have increased the austerities of asceticism to previously unheard of levels.
In the Muslim or Persian accounts of the jogis, they tended to be treated with more respect than in those of the Europeans. The Muslim rulers often interacted with the ascetics (White 2009, Ernst 2005). Here is an account from around 1600 from Badaunt, who wrote for the emperor:
Oxidative damage is a key factor in neurodegeneration. Brain cells Marichi’s Yoga Pose have a very high metabolic rate and therefore produce more free radicals as byproducts of metabolism than Marichi’s Yoga Pose other tissues. Furthermore, the high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids in nerve cell membranes makes them vulnerable to lipid peroxidation damage by free radicals. Damage from oxygen free radicals causes loss of membrane permeability, increased intracellular density, accumulation of cross-linked proteins and lipofuscin waste products, slowing of RNA synthesis, and decreased protein turnover and repair. When oxidative damage to mitochondria exceeds the rate of repair, the ability of the cell to maintain energy production declines. In addition to internally generated free radicals, the human body is exposed to numerous environmental free radicals including smoke cigarettes and marijuana, pollution, pesticides, and radiation. Antioxidant supplements and substances that increase the ability of cells to produce more antioxidants help to prevent damage by neutralizing free radicals before they strike. Inflammation plays an important role in brain aging.
Marichi’s Yoga Pose Photo Gallery
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