Kuvalayananda (1883-1966) – the second main figure – is mainly known for the foundation of his institute and laboratories and for not managing them in a loin-cloth of a yogi, but in the white coat of a scientific laboratory worker! He founded his own ashram or research institute named Kaivalyadhama (Wikipedia link), which worked closely with many Western researchers over time. In their journal Yoga Mimasa, they have since then regularly published their research.
Kuvalayananda devised hatha-yoga series, some of which were almost direct copies of the Dane Niels Bukh’s (1880-1950) Primary gymnastics (1925), according to Singleton (2010). These combined exercises of poses and interlinking movements show striking similarities to what today is known as ashtanga vinyasa’. Hence it is no surprise that Singleton reports Kuvalayananda receiving a visit from Krishnamacharya, who would be later renowned as the father of Ashtanga yoga.
The research of Sri Yogendra and Swami Kuvalayananda research took two directions. In this way they commenced a modernist research programme now being conducted everywhere in the world. One direction was to measure the physical effects of yoga techniques. How could the activity of a body and brain be measured when doing pranayama or in a state of deep meditative samadhi? What chemicals, hormones, brainwaves and neurological impulses would define this? Could scientific measurements define what impact techniques had on body and mind? They took the body out of the Tantric discourse of hatha-yoga, where it was rendered divine and loaded with symbolic units like chakras and Kundalini. Instead they implanted the hatha-yoga body sign in a modern scientific discourse.
Keeping your fingers slightly curved, raise your wrists as far Hatha yoga poses for weight loss as you can, gathering all five fingers in toward each other. Flatten your hand again Hatha yoga poses for weight loss to repeat the action five to ten times. Purpose: To improve wrist extension at varying angles, which will stretch the wrist flexor muscles, and increase mobility of the carpal and metacarpal bones. Contraindication: Dupuytren’s contracture. Prop: Possibly a chair; this pose can be done sitting or standing. Avoiding pitfalls: Retract your shoulders; keep the front of your chest open. Sitting or standing, join your palms together as high up in the air as you can, perhaps just overhead. Press the four corners of the palms together.
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