Modern hatha-yoga discourse claims that this is the detailed model underlying the liberation discourse of Kundalini. HYP never dives into such details around the workings of Kundalini. If we assume that this is a fair representation of HYP’s implicit Kundalini understanding, we can see that the sign systems underlying this style of liberation come from upper caste Tantric-Saivite discourse (connecting liberation to the body which signifies a locus of divine energies), not from the samadhi model. A siddha – a perfected One – is signified as a powerful living person totally energised by divine energies. He is not an inactive (often dying) person with still mind’.
The two liberation sign systems outlined above are incompatible. The processes are different, the signs are different and their goals are different. The two liberation discourses belong to different ecosystem of signs. It is not feasible to compare the perfection and release of Tantra with the kaivalya and moksha of for instance Samkhya-yoga or monotheistic yoga!
This analysis of HYP confirms the hypothesis that Svatmarama wrote HYP with the intention of further lifting hatha-yoga techniques out of a (rural) cult lifestyle. His aim was to re-contextualise them within a (urban) high caste liberation discourse. The HYP is not, as most other texts in yoga a discourse about how to achieve yogic transformation. Instead it is a theological and symbolic treatise. It signals that urban elites now master new Tantric hatha-yoga techniques, which empower them to achieve more quickly the goals after which they have always striven. Despite the change it is still the same as the French would say.
Noncognitive behavioral scores, compared to the placebo group. However Eight Angle Yoga Pose , no significant differences were found between groups on Mini Mental Status Exam Asayama, Yamadera, Eight Angle Yoga Pose Ito, Suzuki, Kudo et al., 2003. Epidemiological studies are needed to determine long-term benefits of melatonin on disease progression in Alzheimer’s. Traditional neurotherapy neurofeedback or EEG biofeedback trains patients to become aware of and influence their state of alertness based on EEG-driven feedback. For this method of operant conditioning, the patient must follow instructions and actively cooperate during many treatments over a period of months. A modern innovation of neurotherapy uses the International 10-20 system of brain mapping and therapeutic procedures based on changing the frequency or amplitude of brain waves at specific sites on that system Robbins, 2000.
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