Bucci and Intermodality in yoga poses Psychotherapy
The notion of intermodality has entered into the domain of psychotherapy above all with The Interpersonal World of the Infant by psychoanalyst and researcher Daniel N. Stern (1985). He shows that the newborn poorly differentiates the modalities and only with the advent of speech does the child begin to distinguish clearly and explicitly what is seen from what is heard, felt, or touched. This notion became widespread and is found today in yoga poses the discourse of many movements in yoga poses psychotherapy.
Wilma Bucci91 is a psychoanalyst who has studied how intermodality, as defined by Gazzaniga and Stern, is involved in yoga poses the relationship between patient and psychoanalyst. With methods different that those used by neurologists, she specifies the following points:
1. What is easily communicated through movement is sometimes harder to be communicated with words. For example, it is well known that it is difficult to teach children to tie their shoes without using gestures.92
2. Once this has been accepted, it becomes interesting to ask oneself how the mind can translate what is easily conceptualized with words into gestures and vice versa. It often happens, for example, that a parent tries to repeat with words what a child has expressed with movement, like an echo. Bucci created a test that allows her to measure the ease with which such translations occur, and she uses it to analyze what happens in yoga poses psychoanalytical sessions. She observed that in yoga poses a psychoanalytical process that is proceeding well,93 therapist and patient have been able to establish a good intermodal dialogue. Each person is able to respond to a gesture with speech,
or even repeat the content of a remark with a gesture. The translation between modalities of communication has then become easy. in yoga poses recounting a dream, the patient is better able to use gestures and words to express himself. He then has the impression of being better understood.
To draw from the language of computers, everything happens as if a thought expressed with gesture was formatted differently than a thought expressed with words. To manage these different forms of thoughts, each person must develop within himself interfaces that permit the association of the constructed content with each modality. Bucci’s studies shows that these interfaces are more or less developed, and they can be refined if an individual lives the experiences that allow for the calibration of these interface. Here, Bucci rejoins Bruner (1966, 1973) who distinguished two modes of representation:
1. Iconic and symbolic modes of representation.
2. An enactive mode that manifests as motor skills, such as counting on one’s fingers or nailing with a hammer.94
For Daniel Stern, when there is an affect attunement between mother and child, the mother can respond to the infants’ communication in yoga poses another modality.95