The content on which Reich focused is mostly verbal, whereas the manner is mostly nonverbal. This distinction is close to what Sabina Spielrein suggested. He concentrated on the tone of voice, the posture, and the gestures that accompany a memory to evaluate the way a patient presents his verbal associations. A voice that is too flat, a chin that tends downward toward the throat can, for example, indicate a holding back of affects. Returning to the previous example, Reich noticed that his patient continuously held back his chin. This bodily trait is a kind of tic that everyone can see. It is found at the visible surface of the behavioral dynamics of the patient. Reich then asked his patient to explore what goes on within him if he moves his chin forward. He then discovered that the muscular tension that maintains the chin so close to the Adam’s apple is part of the link that the patient has built to inhibit the desire to bite his little sister’s clothing.
In this example, we see that Reich was inspired by Ferenczi’s active method. The psychoanalysts, trained in yoga poses this circle of influence inspired by Ferenczi, ask their patients to associate on the way they present their thoughts. Reich confirmed Ferenczi’s observations when he noticed that by focusing on a patient’s specific behavioral trait, sometimes the patient strongly experienced repressed emotions, which suddenly erupt into consciousness and the expressive motor system. This emotion captures the organism; even a habitually polite patient can suddenly begin to scream, cry, tremble with fear, or bite a piece of fabric.
Reich eventually proposed a systematic way to approach these resistances (Reich, 1940, V3, 90), which he calls Character analysis. It consists in yoga poses beginning with the resistances close to consciousness, which would also be close to the surface,115 and concluding with the deepest ones. in yoga poses Character analysis, the therapist first analyzes a trait that is particularly easy to approach in yoga poses the context of the therapeutic relationship. It is often the trait (mental, behavioral, affective, bodily, or physiological) that is most obvious, but not always. It can happen that the therapist discovers two layers in yoga poses a dream: an aggressive layer and a homosexual one. Reich proposed that in yoga poses this case, the therapist concentrate on the layer that is more easily accessible to the patient and analyze the second layer later. For example, he can analyze the aggressive dimension of a dream but not the unconscious homosexual desire that generates this aggression. If the patient is knowingly homosexual, it is possible the therapist would begin by analyzing the homosexual dimension of the dream. Everything depends on what the patient is capable of integrating at that moment on the plane of representations and of affects.
This aspect of Character analysis is also part of the strategies explored by Fenichel (1927). in yoga poses this article, Fenichel gives an example of the way in yoga poses which the Freudian therapists approached dreams at that time. in yoga poses his analysis, he uses the model of the layers without referring to Reich, as if this model was also his own. He discovers in yoga poses his patient an anxious urge to suck his father’s penis, which covers up the need and perhaps the memory of sucking his mother’s breast.
THE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEFENSES STRUCTURES THE LIBIDO AND THE WAY THE LIBIDO STRUCTURES THE PSYCHE
The Organization of the Characterological Layers. This way to approach the defense system led Reich to propose a model of the character structure that would be the organization of the partial drives and the way they are put together by the defense system of an organism. This definition has several implications:
1. By starting with the analysis of the defenses closer to the surface, the therapist already activates a slight increase in yoga poses the quantity of libido that is available and an elaboration of the anxiety-provoking materials that allows the ego to strengthen itself by going forward. This approach therefore prepares the patient to become capable of confronting psychic material that hitherto could have activated such a powerful anxiety that he would have been weakened instead of strengthened.
2. Another pedagogical advantage of this strategy is that the patient learns to accept that his mental life is influenced by his unconscious, his vegetative system (the libido and the affects), and his behavior (which participates in yoga poses the regulation of the defense system).
3. This approach takes up the notion of the associative chains composed of nonverbal and verbal behaviors.
4. It then becomes possible to define a character type by the manner in yoga poses which a person’s defenses are organized. The defenses build themselves up progressively. Each layer represses the material that the previous layer allows through.