With the YV we again face a collective work that developed over hundreds of years. The early versions originating from Kashmir were perhaps conceived around 7-800 AD. They were originally called the Moksopaya (Moksa-uapya: means to release) and drew on a range of philosophical currents ranging from Mahayana Buddhism, Jainism, Saiva Siddhanta, to monistic Vedanta. So in many ways the Moksopaya was heterodox, as it did not directly match any of the orthodox philosophies (Dasgupta 1922,1991 ed.). But that changed over time.
Now it was subjected to Brahmin treatment. During the long process of editing and compiling, the Brahmin editors and co-writers deliberately began to delete all earlier Buddhist terminology, to insert Brahmin ideology, to eradicate all criticism of Vedic issues and to envelop the teachings in Vedantic monistic philosophy. As the text settled in its present form, four to five hundred years later, it also changed its name to, among others, Yoga-Vasistha (YV) , meaning Vasistha’s yoga’ teachings to the warrior prince Rama (Hanneder 2006, Manjdadria 2002).
It is not obvious why the notion yoga’ was included in the title of YV. It is not until at the very end of the last chapter on liberation that yoga is finally introduced. This presentation however only stretches over 73 verses. So why put yoga in the title of a work of about 30,000 verses? There is no obvious answer. The way in which the sign yoga’ is used in YV is in its wide and general meaning of a sadhana. In other words the use of the yoga’ sign seems similar to that of the Mahabharata: yoga as the harnessing of the nature human conceptual apparatus’; or yoga as a focussed, systematic, regular and dedicated practice leading to release (moksha)’. This could explain the use of yoga in the title, as the text is about a dedicated practice leading to release. Hence the work could have as well been named Vasistha’s sadhana.
Meditation Meditation has effects on EEG rhythms similar to theta/ Ear Pressure Yoga Posebeta biofeedback training. Two promising controlled studies in ADHD children found improvements in attention, particularly Ear Pressure Yoga Posein the classroom Arnold, 2001. The authors have found that most ADD children and adults cannot sit still or concentrate long enough to meditate. It is usually necessary for them to practice yoga breathing for some time to quiet their mind before attempting meditation. A study of autonomic dysregulation comparing adolescents, ages 12 to 17 years, 17 with ADHD, 20 with aggressive conduct disorder CD, and 22 controls, found that reduced RSA respiratory sinus arrhythmia in those with ADHD and CD indicated reduced baseline cardiac vagal tone Beauchaine, Katkin, Strassberg, & Snarr, 2001. These subjects also had lower thresholds for fight-flight reactions and were at increased risk for aggressive behavior. Interventions that enhance parasympathetic activity may be beneficial for individuals with ADHD. In the study of autonomic nervous system biofeedback mentioned above, improvements in symptoms of ADHD correlated with increases in parasympathetic nervous system PNS tone.
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