This impression of a clash of incompatible discourses is confirmed by further readings of chapter three. It seems that initially we are participating in a Tantric discourses of Kundalini and perfection. At the end of the chapter it seems that this discourse is suddenly enveloped in elite meditation and liberation discourses. Let me explain.
In chapter three mudras and bandhas are seen as crucial to achieving perfection. In some cases only 40 days of practice will bring results. This is surprising compared to other liberation discourses which often claim that final release cannot be achieved in a single life cycle but requires endless numbers of re-births. However, the reader should not get too carried away by the good news. It turns out that practice does not end with perfection, because in the closing verses of the chapter, it appears – once more – that this is not the end of practice. It is postulated that raja-yoga is further required. This is very surprising after initially reading about the power of the hatha-yoga techniques which are key to Kundalini, Sakti experience and perfection. The reader wonders, why do we need raja-yoga after having achieved perfection, Kundalini and Sakti? Why is this not the final and optimal goal of practice? How can one possible attain more after this? Why should we enter raja-yoga and samadhi?
Dextroamphetamine depleted energy in rat striatum, reducing the high- Bharadvaja’s I Twist energy compound ATP/ADP ratio adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate Wan, Lin, Kang, Bharadvaja’s I Twist Tseng, & Tung, 1999. Mice treated with methylphenidate have increased risk of liver cancer Dunnick & Hailey, 1995; Ernst, 2001. Although these studies have not been done in human subjects, many parents and health care professionals are concerned about possible long-term side effects. This discussion is limited to CAM treatments that the authors find to be helpful in clinical practice, those for which there is credible evidence of efficacy, and those that are frequently requested by parents: dietary elimination, vitamins, minerals, omega-3 fatty acids omega-3FAs, SAMe, acetyl-l-carnitine, dimethylaminoethanol, centrophenoxine, pyrrolidinones, picamilon, Rhodiola rosea, ginkgo, ginseng, pcynogenol, yoga, and neurotherapy for excellent reviews of CAM for ADHD, see Arnold, 2001; Kidd, 2000. Many of the herbs, nutrients, and nootropics shown to improve memory, attention, verbal processing, and cognitive function in adults have potential benefits in children. For more detailed discussion of research and clinical effects, see Chapter 4. Although not all of the CAM treatments in this chapter have been studied in children, they are all low in risk, particularly when compared with stimulants, and they have been used clinically. Misuse of prescription stimulants is increasingly prevalent among students.