Let us take yoga as an example. The power discourse which was a part of yoga’s habitus as it emerged, was:
1. Reality is organised in a hierarchy of human and divine power
2. Some special disciplines of self-effort enable people to ascend this hierarchy
3. Having this power makes them semi-divine
This study found BWS and BWS + TIR to be very 9 yoga poses to open your shoulders effective in reducing symptoms of PTSD as reflected in a large effect size of 10.8 9 yoga poses to open your shoulders baseline to 24 weeks on the PCL-17. Victims of Emotional, Physical, and Sexual Abuse Patients with PTSD due to sexual abuse benefited when SKY breathing was combined with traditional psychiatric and psychological therapies Sageman, 2002, 2004; Sageman & Brown, 2006a, 2006b. Yoga breathing reduces arousal, anxiety, and overreactivity, enabling the patient to recall and discuss traumatic material without feeling overwhelmed. Other beneficial components of the SKY course include psychoeducation in human values of acceptance, social responsibility, and community service. In cases of adult-onset PTSD secondary to recent trauma in previously healthy individuals, Ujjayi breathing and brief psychotherapy may be all that is needed.
However, in cases involving more severe prolonged trauma or a history of significant childhood abuse, more intense yoga breathing may be necessary in conjunction with more intensive psychotherapy and medication. In a four-day randomized controlled trial, 40 women who had been abused by an intimate partner were randomly assigned to tell about the abuse two 45-minute sessions of testimony with a trained listener over two consecutive days, participate in yoga breathing two 45-minute sessions of yoga breathing including slow deep breathing with some breath holds, sound, and yoga postures, a combined testimony and yoga breathing intervention 45-minute testimony immediately followed by 45 minutes of yoga breathing, or serve as wait-list controls Franzblau, Smith, Echevarria, & Van Cantford, 2006.
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